Current recommended values for the ERPG® and WEEL® series are contained in this handy booklet, along with background information, an extensive glossary and user guidance. In addition to the values provided,you will find ERPG® rationale, WEELs® under review, and more. This quickreference should always be used in conjunction with the documentationprovided in each full set of ERPGs® and WEELs®.
IH professionals will find this new resource beneficial in allocating resources for assessing and managing occupational exposure to chemical, physical, and biological agents. Basic characterization; qualitative and quantitative risk assessment and priority setting; monitoring, interpretation, and decision making; recommendations; reporting, and evaluations are among the topics addressed. New to the 4th edition is material on professional judgment, as well as a value strategy case study.
By incorporating the basic principles outlined in this reference, laboratories can develop comprehensive programs that result in accurate, reliable data. These results provide assurance that the laboratory is in compliance of regulatory regulations. This expanded 5th edition includes content discussing quality assurance considerations for biological monitoring, microbiological samples, radioactive samples, and nanotechnology.
This book was developed by experts with background, training, and experience in ergonomics, working with information and conditions existing at the time of publication. The American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA®), as publisher, and the authors have been diligent in ensuring that the material and methods addressed in this book reflect prevailing occupational health and safety and industrial hygiene practices. It is possible, however, that certain procedures discussed will require modification because of changing federal, state, and local regulations, or heretofore unknown developments in research. AIHA® and the authors disclaim any liability, loss, or risk resulting directly or indirectly from the use of the practices and/or theories discussed in this book. Moreover, it is the reader’s responsibility to stay informed of any changing federal, state, or local regulations that might affect the material contained herein, and the policies adopted specifically in the reader’s workplace. Specific mention of manufacturers and products in this book does not represent an endorsement by AIHA®.
Every laboratory will benefit from this outline of laboratory ventilation requirements and practices. Chapters include performance tests, air cleaning, preventive maintenance, and work practices. Five appendices covering definitions, terms and units are included. Those involved in laboratory management, including chemical hygiene officers, campus and institutional health and safety staff, industrial hygienists, and environmental health and safety staff will benefit from this standard.
Awareness of PCBs as a potential contaminant of concern in the built environment continues to grow. There is increasing evidence that many public, residential and commercial buildings built or renovated between 1950 and 1979 may be impacted by the unauthorized use of PCBs in caulks, paints, mastics and other building materials. This guideline is intended to provide guidance on the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of PCBs in the builtenvironment.
For professionals conducting mold assessments in both residential and commercial buildings. The guideline discusses exposure and hazard assessments, determination of requirements to allow for the reoccupancy of a building, and post-remediation verification methodologies and techniques.
This guide covers the general basics of biological monitoring from the perspective of a field industrial hygienist and also constitutes a field manual for the trainee industrial hygienist. It also includes twenty case studies on biological monitoring as well as a 118-slide PowerPoint™ presentation on CD.
By D. Jeff Burton, BSME, MSIH, PE, CIH (VS), CSP (VS)
Raw technical data from an engineering perspective makes this guide a uniquely useful tool. It contains information on common industrial gases and chemicals in a concise, handy format—checklists for exhaust fan maintenance, indoor air contaminant sources, and much more. Chapters include terms and equations, monographs and charts, thermal conditions, ergonomics, PPE and respirators, standards and guidelines, and sound and noise.
This guideline discusses this emerging problem in communities with respect to environmental health and safety issues that can affect a wide range of individuals and organizations. AIHA has developed this guideline in collaboration with the Office of the Fire Marshal, Province of Ontario, Canada to address the ever-increasing health and safety hazards associated with clandestine marijuana grow operations.
This timely guide explores clandestine meth labs and the hazards these labs present to occupants, first responders, property owners, industrial hygienists and all others involved. It also discusses the many challenges these labs present to urban and rural areas nationwide. Industrial hygienists and other health and safety professionals will be fully equipped in recognizing, assessing, and abating the hazards associated with clandestine meth manufacturing and production.
This manual covers the principles, use, limitations, and applications of colorimetric detector (indicator) tube systems. Colorimetric tubes change color and provide quantitative measures of targeted contaminants present after sample gas is drawn through the tube, typically with a hand pump. Color change can manifest itself in the length of a color stain or a change in color intensity. Colorimetric detector tube systems are quite simple, easy to use, and relatively inexpensive, compared with instrumental methods of measuring airborne concentrations of toxic materials. Their simplicity of operation, in fact, could result in misuse by individuals unaware of their limitations. The manual has been organized in a stepwise style, so the user can develop a program for use of colorimetric detector tubes.
A reference library at your fingertips! This convenient summary of current, pertinent, practical information for OEHS professionals covers such topics as ventilation, noise, heat stress, ionizing and nonionizing radiation, respiratory protection, ergonomics, illumination, and more. The manual also provides general conversion tables, rules of thumb, and a variety of formulas, figures, and charts.
This practical application of OSHA regulations for hazardous waste sites is an excellent starting point for understanding and controlling chemical hazards. Major topics include federal regulations in 29 CFR 1910.120; the basics of chemical recognition, evaluation, and protection, and application of the basic principles. Charts, graphs, and photographs make this ideal for HAZWOPER training and in the academic classroom.
There has been relatively little written about the ethical dilemmas and challenges that safety and health professional’s face. There has been even less written about the philosophical approaches and the models and framework for safety and health professionals to use to resolve the dilemmas and challenges once they are identified and confronted. This book was written for safety and health professionals to aid in ethical decision-making and presents case studies showcasing various approaches taken when faced with such dilemmas.
This award-winning second edition of AIHA’s Field Guide incorporates the findings and research that reflect prevailing occupational health and safety and industrial hygiene practices. Its nine chapters provide the most current solutions to problems facing professionals working with biological contaminants. This guide serves as a perfect tool for academic and professional reference.
The practical performance of a control-based approach to identifying and controlling hazardous agents in a changing world. Industry experts from academic, government, and non-government organizations developed this guide to promote a broader understanding of key concepts, significant developments, and research needs. A comprehensive reference list and study resources and other helpful aids in conducting control banding analyses are included.
Industrial hygienists and safety professionals will benefit from this guideline that ensures an effective and safe decontamination program. It offers methodologies for decontaminating CPC and equipment, including regulatory compliance, decontamination work plans, waste management, hazard and risk assessments, CPC re-use, quality assurance, and training.
Best management practices currently being used are outline in this practical guideline. The fundamentals for development of personal protective equipment (PPE) programs for small business owners are discussed, as well as guidance for the selection of protective clothing and equipment for employees from physical and chemical hazards encountered in various occupational settings.
The focus is on the industrial hygienist’s role and integration with other contributors in exposure reconstruction projects. To maintain this focus the guideline presents current good practices in the development of efficient, yet thorough, procedures for any exposure reconstruction project. It addresses alternative approaches, data source considerations, exposure metrics, quality assurance, and appropriate documentation for possible future retrospective exposure data needs. Provided checklists will help ensure the collection of necessary information needed for later exposure assessment work and data analysis.
Disinfection is recognized as an important aspect of infection prevention, especially for Healthcare Acquired Infections (HAIs) caused by certain microorganisms such as Clostridium difficile on environmental surfaces. Determining appropriate disinfection of environmental surfaces requires balancing several factors including risk, efficacy, patient and worker safety and comfort, surface and process compatibility, and cost. New products and processes fordisinfection are creating opportunities for industrial hygienists to apply their expertise.
Best practices and current procedures used to manage contractor health and safety activities through construction and post-construction work are provided in this guideline. Its six chapters and nine supporting appendices address construction health and safety contract concerns.
Written in simple, understandable terms, the IAQ and HVAC Workbook’s 25 chapters cover an overview of IAQ issues, investigation techniques, management of IAQ, management control strategies, air contaminants, and how building air handling systems work. Additionally, air behavior and principles of ventilation, fans, air intakes, HVAC ductwork, testing, commissioning, and troubleshooting HVASC systems are discussed. Readers will learn how to read plans and specifications, as well as the application of the latest version of ASHRAE 62, standards and codes. Government activities and how to handle non-standard conditions are also presented. The Appendix provides 7 charts, 9 forms, 28 checklists, references, a glossary and the index.
A good IAQ investigator is calm, observant, thorough, and discerning. They should be skilled in knowing what questions to ask, have knowledge of building systems, and possess a willingness to engage the public promptly and communicate results clearly to all involved parties. This guide discusses the initial investigation, an HVAC overview and inspection, considerations for special indoor environments, risk communication, and report preparation. Eleven appendices are also included, providing the reader with guidelines, checklists, and forms to assist in their investigations.
The Industrial Hygiene Workbook contains copious facts and information about the occupational health sciences in 26 sections. Updated regularly, its contents include IH history, math and statistics, management, chemistry, physiology and anatomy, toxicology, occupational medicine, laws, codes, standards, air sampling, methods of control, ventilation, respiratory protection, PPE, IAQ, air pollution, ergonomics, heat and cold stress, noise, radiation, safety, and others. Each chapter provides a short overview of the topic, a list of facts and concepts to know, calculation procedures and examples. The final section provides 800+ multiple-choice questions to test knowledge and help the reader prepare for exams.
The ability to rapidly detect chemicals and unsafe conditions related to the composition of workplace atmospheres has been pursued for well over one hundred years. A number of well-known and accepted detection systems have been developed and refined over the years –often applied to the detection of conditions associated with acute hazards, for which time-weighted average sampling may not be protective. In addition, real-time detection instruments and systems are also available to supplement the assessment of exposures related to chronic health effects, for which time-weighted average sampling is highly relevant. Most practicing industrial hygienists and safety professionals are familiar with these exposure assessment tools, but often do not fully appreciate the capabilities and limitations of specific detection technologies. In addition to the time-tested detection tools available to us, new compact and highly capable field analysis systems exist, and improvements continue to be made to reduce the size, complexity, and cost of such systems. The fusion of old and new capabilities is changing the state-of-the-art for exposure assessment, and a firm understanding of the available field detection and exposure measurement tools is critical to the ability of industrial hygienists and allied professionals to properly fill their roles in protecting human health.
Industrial hygienists and environmental health professionals are provided key safety and health planning and execution steps to follow during various disaster response operations. It provides technical information on air monitoring, respiratory protection and personal protective equipment and offers guidelines for an effective response to an all-hazards threat environment.
This resource encompasses the evaluation of chemical and physical exposures, the interaction of the worker with the machinery, and the effects of the workplace on the external environment. Whether an organization is planning to conduct its first audit, proven methods are provided to best evaluate the effectiveness of their organization’s industrial hygiene and safety program.
Industrial hygiene and safety managers of staff and/or programs are provided clear and concise measures for tracking operations and organizational performance. The metrics offered emphasize the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of techniques and implementation. An organization will benefit by improved management and function of its industrial hygiene programs, and the prevention of health hazards.
The information in this second edition was developed by experts with background, training, and experience in industrial hygiene with information and conditions existing at the time of publication. The American Industrial Hygiene Association® (AIHA®), as publisher, and the authors have been diligent in ensuring that the material and methods addressed in this book reflect prevailing occupational health and safety and industrial hygiene practices. It is possible, however, that certain procedures discussed will require modification because of changing federal, state, and local regulations, or heretofore unknown developments in research..
This classic self-study Workbook is revised and updated regularly. This publication takes the reader from introductory concepts through advanced materials in 21 chapters. Readerfriendly, the book concentrates on practical applications. An appendix containing forty charts, forms and graphs is keyed to the text. Written for OH&S professionals and IH engineers, the Workbook is an excellent companion to the ACGIH Vent Manual and college textbooks. Home study courses based on the book are available from the author.
A concise guideline showcasing the numerous steps required to perform risk assessments to ensure that machines have been safeguarded. Topics include Hazard vs. Risk, Job Analysis vs. Risk Assessment, Acceptable Risk, among others. Also includes a risk assessment evaluation form, as well as an example form.
This updated work presents a systematic and comprehensive approach to exposure models and their advantages. Its 17 chapters discuss general principles of physical and chemical models, dermal exposure models, exposure reconstruction, and more. The models are being used more frequently and creatively as these techniques for worker exposure modeling are improving rapidly. It is a practical tool for any professional concerned with exposure assessment and management.
This leading noise resource is specifically written for those vwith a technical interest in noise and for anyone whov desires an improved general understanding of the subject. It addresses noise-related issues within the workplace and those arising in the community.
Meet today’s critical issues and challenges as an occupational health and safety practitioner, educator, or student with the tools, methodologies and knowledge provided in this reference. Its 53 chapters include information on hazard recognition andevaluation, physical agents, the human environment, controlling the occupational environment, program management, and much more.
This manual was developed by experts with background, training, and experience in various aspects of industrial hygiene and occupational and environmental health and safety, working with information and conditions existing at the time of publication. The American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA®), as publisher, and the authors have been diligent in ensuring that the material and methods addressed in this book reflect prevailing industrial hygiene and OHS&E practices. It is possible, however, that certain procedures discussed will require modification because of changing federal, state, local, or international regulations.
Hazard prevention is exposure by providing step-by-step processes and strategies, thus promoting new ideas for a more prevention-oriented industrial hygiene model. The approach of precaution, innovation and change, rather than control paves the way for the elimination of risk and exposure. This book will equip staff to implement this strategy and become committed to its prevention concepts.
This third edition provides the most current and authoritative information on the physical characteristics of radio-frequency and microwave radiation, its interactions with matter, and biological and environmental effects. Current standards and guidelines are discusses, as are instruments and controls. The handy glossary also provides an appendix of problems industrial hygienists and other health professionals may encounter.
This document is intended to provide guidance on recognition, evaluation and control of Legionella colonization and amplifi cation in common building water systems, both with and without any associated disease (legionellosis). This document expands upon information previously presented in the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA®) publication, Field Guide for the Determination of Biological Contaminants in Environmental Samples, 2nd edition.
This HVAC guideline describes the practices and objectives for the management, operation, testing, and maintenance of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems used to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). This guideline is useful for industrial hygienists and other safety professionals.
Industrial hygienists are provided resources, information, and tools to advise and assist general workers, health care workers, and management to protect workers in the case of a flu pandemic. This guide identifies hazards, risk groups and recommended controls; offers a communication plan; describes the impact of a flu pandemic on organizations, and lists key resources to contact for further information.
The use of radiation in research, medicine, and industry is highly regulated. Safety professionals working with radiation must possess not only good understanding of science, but also of regulatory requirements. The RSO Survival Handbook provides an introduction to radiation safety including basic radiation science, radiation safety practices and procedures, and federal or state regulations. References and examples of forms to be used for surveys, audits, or for other specific investigations are included. The information provided in this reference will benefit the RSO working in an academic, research, or medical facility.
This document is intended to provide guidance on the design, installation, maintenance and safe operating practices for rack storage areas. Safety considerations in the design of product and material racking systems and warehouse facilities are reviewed and include the aspects related to the material handling process. This guideline also summarizes facility, structural (floor load capacity), and operational (layout, aisle widths, area lighting, material handling equipment) concerns.
AAIHA’s most comprehensive toxicology reference, is written by industry experts specifically for the industrial hygienist. Emphasis is on basic principles and case studies that relate to the working environment. This book is recommended for classroom text as well as a professional resource.
AIHA’s Toxicology Principles for the Industrial Hygienist, the most comprehensive toxicology reference, is written by industry experts specifically for the industrial hygienist. Emphasis is on basic principles and case studies that relate to the working environment. This book is recommended for classroom text as well as a professional resource. Its 45 chapters provide thorough discussions of Understanding Toxicology, Sites of Action of Chemicals Found in the Workplace, Chemical Group Toxicology, Application of Toxicological Information, and Sources of Toxicological Information.
Learn to communicate more effectively with welding shop and plant personnel with this practical guide, written for those who have little actual “hands on” shop experience. Topics include health and safety considerations, welding terminology, equipment, welding and cutting in confined spaces, construction, maintenance, and repair welding, plus the health effects of metals, gases, and other agents commonly encountered in welding processes.
Wildfire impact assessments are complex by nature and can involve the investigator, property owner, laboratory, and insurance company adjuster. The OEHS professional conducting a wildfire impact investigation must define its purpose and objectives and develop a working hypothesis to drive all phases of the assessment from initial inspection, to sampling, analysis, and data interpretation. Properly documenting the extent and impact helps to evaluate a range of reasonable options for restoration to return the structure and the indoor environment as close as possible to its pre-wildfire condition, while also protecting the health and safety of restoration workers and returning occupants. This guide will assist OEHS professionals in conducting defensible wildfire impact assessments, and to evaluate restoration options to promote a safe and healthy indoor environment.
The job of an industrial hygienist is many times expanded into areas that don’t fall neatly into the occupational health rubric. This new guideline offers a detailed overview of the problem of workplace violence and bullying and harassment at work and how the industrial hygiene approach to hazard identification can be utilized when trying to control workplace violence. Topics include: the extent of the problem of workplace violence, worker impacts, organizational impacts, prevention, and control measures.
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